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Lactobacillus Bulgaricus: A Probiotic Strain

Lactobacillus bulgaricus, also known as Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus is a member of the acidophilus group of lactic acid group of bacteria and Firmicutes phylum (1,2,3). Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus is one of the subspecies of Lactobacillus delbrueckii along with Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, and the more recently discovered subspecies’ indicus, jakobsenii, and sunkii (3,4). Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus is a Gram-positive, non-motile, non-spore forming, and rod-shaped bacterium, as are all Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteria (1,4). The Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteria are also

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Lactobacillus Casei

Lactobacillus casei is a rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-spore forming bacterium strain in the Lactobacilli genus (1). It is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food products such as sauerkraut, fermented meat and fish, sourdough, pickled vegetables, and wine as

Image of yogurt, fruit and granola in a bowl on a table, which can contain the probiotic lactobacillus rhamnosus

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus

What is Lactobacillus rhamnosus? Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the genital and urinary tract of human females. It is one of the most widely used probiotic strains, and is often

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Lactobacillus Salivarius

Lactobacillus salivarius is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts of most humans. L. salivarius is one of 25 species in the L. salivarius clade (group of organisms with a common ancestor) of

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What Are Probiotics? A Guide to Probiotic Foods, Supplements & Benefits

Medically reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What are probiotics? The World Health Organization(WHO) defines probiotics as “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host”.[1] Probiotics provide these health benefits in several ways: Probiotics

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Probiotics for Digestive Problems

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. In a time when society is burdened by high-stress work environments, low-quality fast food, fatigue, and an obsession with antibiotics, natural gut flora is under attack. Our digestive systems are deprived of their natural,

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Notable Probiotic Strains

Bifidobacterium Breve Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex Lactobacillus Acidophilus Lactobacillus Plantarum Saccharomyces Boulardii

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Lactobacillus Plantarum

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. Lactobacillus plantarum is one of the most widely studied bacterial strains in the Lactobacilli genus. It is a Gram-positive, non-spore forming rod bacteria that is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food

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Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What is Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex? Bifidobacteria are a form of naturally occurring bacteria that are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts and mouths of mammals, including humans. They are one of the common forms of bacteria

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Probiotics and Mood Disorders

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. There are a number of physical health conditions that may be successfully treated with probiotics. These include reducing the risk of asthma, lowering LDL cholesterol/normalizing blood pressure, reducing inflammation, and treating irritable bowel syndrome and vaginosis.

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Do Probiotics Help Lower Cholesterol?

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. You may be familiar with the use of probiotics for enhancing gut health. However, what you may not know is that these gut-friendly bacteria may also be beneficial for heart health too. Research has

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What Are Prebiotics?

Prebiotics are non-digestible fibers, carbohydrates, and certain types of sugar that act as food for probiotic microorganisms that pass through the digestive system. By eating prebiotics or taking a prebiotic supplement, you can improve the balance of microflora in your gut, which can encourage better overall health. In this article,

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Bifidobacterium Longum: A Probiotic Bacteria

Bifidobacterium longum is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, anaerboic bacterium strain in the Bifidobacterium genus of the phylum Actinobacteria (1,2). Bifidobacteria are prokaryotes, which mean that they are unicellular organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or membrane-bound organelle (3). These bacteria are considered obligate anaerobes, which have a very

Image of yogurt on a table from above, which can contain lactobacillus casei

Lactobacillus Casei

Lactobacillus casei is a rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-spore forming bacterium strain in the Lactobacilli genus (1). It is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food products such as sauerkraut, fermented meat and fish, sourdough, pickled vegetables, and wine as well as in beets and dairy products such as Mozzarella

Image of yogurt, fruit and granola in a bowl on a table, which can contain the probiotic lactobacillus rhamnosus

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus

What is Lactobacillus rhamnosus? Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the genital and urinary tract of human females. It is one of the most widely used probiotic strains, and is often used to prevent or treat gastro-intestinal infections and diarrhea, and

Image of two glass jars full of yogurt and fruit

Lactobacillus Salivarius

Lactobacillus salivarius is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts of most humans. L. salivarius is one of 25 species in the L. salivarius clade (group of organisms with a common ancestor) of the genus Lactobacillus. The name Lactobacillus salivarius comes from the

Cover image of fruit for article about 'what are probiotics?"

What Are Probiotics? A Guide to Probiotic Foods, Supplements & Benefits

Medically reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What are probiotics? The World Health Organization(WHO) defines probiotics as “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host”.[1] Probiotics provide these health benefits in several ways: Probiotics support a healthy immune system They produce vitamins and enzymes

Image of a person with digestive problems holding their stomach with a heating pad

Probiotics for Digestive Problems

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. In a time when society is burdened by high-stress work environments, low-quality fast food, fatigue, and an obsession with antibiotics, natural gut flora is under attack. Our digestive systems are deprived of their natural, health-promoting microorganisms, and bacteria that causes illness takes over. Probiotics,

Image of a graphic of foods and text for page on notable probiotic strains

Notable Probiotic Strains

Bifidobacterium Breve Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex Lactobacillus Acidophilus Lactobacillus Plantarum Saccharomyces Boulardii

Image of a bowl of miso soup, which

Lactobacillus Plantarum

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. Lactobacillus plantarum is one of the most widely studied bacterial strains in the Lactobacilli genus. It is a Gram-positive, non-spore forming rod bacteria that is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food products (1,2). Such foods as brined olives, pickles, sauerkraut, feta

Image of bifidobacterium lactis complex food and text

Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex

Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What is Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex? Bifidobacteria are a form of naturally occurring bacteria that are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts and mouths of mammals, including humans. They are one of the common forms of bacteria found in the intestinal flora of humans and are believed