Bifidobacterium Longum: A Probiotic Bacteria

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Bifidobacterium longum is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, anaerboic bacterium strain in the Bifidobacterium genus of the phylum Actinobacteria (1,2). Bifidobacteria are prokaryotes, which mean that they are unicellular organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or membrane-bound organelle (3). These bacteria are considered obligate anaerobes, which have a very low oxygen tolerance and die … Read more

Lactobacillus Casei

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Lactobacillus casei is a rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-spore forming bacterium strain in the Lactobacilli genus (1). It is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food products such as sauerkraut, fermented meat and fish, sourdough, pickled vegetables, and wine as well as in beets and dairy products such as Mozzarella cheese (1,2). The bacterium Lactobacillus … Read more

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus

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What is Lactobacillus rhamnosus? Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the genital and urinary tract of human females. It is one of the most widely used probiotic strains, and is often used to prevent or treat gastro-intestinal infections and diarrhea, and to stimulate immune responses that … Read more

Lactobacillus Salivarius

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Lactobacillus salivarius is a form of naturally occurring bacteria that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts of most humans. L. salivarius is one of 25 species in the L. salivarius clade (group of organisms with a common ancestor) of the genus Lactobacillus. The name Lactobacillus salivarius comes from the properties of the saliva in … Read more

What Are Probiotics? A Guide to Probiotic Foods, Supplements & Benefits

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Medically reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What are probiotics? The World Health Organization(WHO) defines probiotics as “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host”.[1] Probiotics provide these health benefits in several ways: Probiotics support a healthy immune system They produce vitamins and enzymes They reduce serum cholesterol They … Read more

Probiotics for Digestive Problems

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Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. In a time when society is burdened by high-stress work environments, low-quality fast food, fatigue, and an obsession with antibiotics, natural gut flora is under attack. Our digestive systems are deprived of their natural, health-promoting microorganisms, and bacteria that causes illness takes over. Probiotics, which have received significant attention … Read more

Notable Probiotic Strains

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Bifidobacterium Breve Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex Lactobacillus Acidophilus Lactobacillus Plantarum Saccharomyces Boulardii

Lactobacillus Plantarum

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Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. Lactobacillus plantarum is one of the most widely studied bacterial strains in the Lactobacilli genus. It is a Gram-positive, non-spore forming rod bacteria that is found in many strains in lactic acid fermented food products (1,2). Such foods as brined olives, pickles, sauerkraut, feta cheese, African ogi, cassava, and … Read more

Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex

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Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. What is Bifidobacterium Lactis Complex? Bifidobacteria are a form of naturally occurring bacteria that are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts and mouths of mammals, including humans. They are one of the common forms of bacteria found in the intestinal flora of humans and are believed to have many positive health … Read more

Probiotics and Mood Disorders

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Medically Reviewed by: Chris Duncombe, M.D. There are a number of physical health conditions that may be successfully treated with probiotics. These include reducing the risk of asthma, lowering LDL cholesterol/normalizing blood pressure, reducing inflammation, and treating irritable bowel syndrome and vaginosis. But as it turns out, probiotics may also be effective in addressing mental and behavioral … Read more